Women and children in Hull celebrate the end of the war. © Hull Museums.

The First World War formally ended with the signing of the Armistice at 11am on 11 November 1918. Communities across the country marked the war’s end with street parties and celebrations. However, happiness and relief were mixed with sorrow as people remembered those they had lost.

The sheer scale of the First World War meant that few families had been untouched by the conflict. This collective experience meant that there was a strong shared need to remember and commemorate it. The names of those killed were inscribed in local Rolls of Honour. In the years following the war, memorials and events to commemorate it began to be created. The Cenotaph in London, designed by Edwin Lutyens, was built in 1920 and was imitated across the country. Cenotaph means ‘empty tomb’. Huge crowds gathered for the unveiling of Hull’s Cenotaph in 1924.

Learning resources

For downloadable images, teachers’ notes and activity ideas relating to the end of the First World War in the Humber region, go to